Survival After Open Heart Surgery by Age - (2023)

What is bypass surgery?

See open heart triple bypass surgery

coronary artery bypass surgeryBypass surgery, or bypass surgery, is a type of heart surgery that reroutes blood around blocked arteries to improve the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart.

  • A grafted vein or artery is removed from a healthy blood vessel in the body during bypass surgery. Subsequently, a graft is surgically implanted to bypass the obstruction or blockage in the blocked or underperforming artery.
  • After surgery, blood will flow through the grafted vessel, bypassing the blocked passage and delivering oxygen and nutrients to the tissues beyond the blockage.

The most common reason for bypass surgery is to prevent or divert a clot or plaque blockage in a coronary artery becauseatherosclerosis.If the blockage is not removed, the heart muscle outside the blockage lacks oxygen and nutrients, causing damage to the heart.

who needs a heart operation

People with many different heart problems require heart surgery. These include blockages in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, valves that don't work properly, and abnormal heart rhythms.

Heart surgery is often planned in advance as part of the treatment plan. This happens when your doctor diagnoses a problem with your heart and surgery is the best or only way to fix it.

In other cases, heart surgery is an emergency treatment that is performed when you least expect it. This can happen if you have a heart attack or are diagnosed with a severe blockage that puts you in immediate danger.

Depending on the problem, you may not need surgery. Technology has given us innovative ways to manage heart disease. For example,percutaneous coronary interventionRepair clogged coronary arteries.Endovascular repair of aneurysmsRepair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm through a leg artery.

These methods can shorten your time in the hospital and make recovery easier. They are especially useful for people who would be at higher risk for surgery.

cardiac surgery survival

Cardiac surgery programs may also report survival rates for each individual procedure. These are called baseline surgeries and are a way for surgery centers to compare results. Please note that these data do not include patient-specific risk factors prior to surgery.

In the table below, we present the total number of surgical referrals at Children's Hospital of Colorado, along with the survival rate compared to the national average.

We measure:

The survival rate shows the percentage of patients who underwent a particular procedure and were alive 30 days after the procedure. It also includes patients who must be in the hospital for more than 30 days and are alive and able to go home.

Index case survival


what does that mean:

For most of the open heart procedures listed above, our survival rates are higher than the national average.

Comparing the results by program alone is a challenge. The surgery-only data does not include important health-related factors, such as age, other health conditions, and genetic conditions that may make surgery riskier. Because of this, pediatric cardiac surgery programs must report a wide range of outcomes, including how patients fared when they were most at risk due to other medical conditions.

Recommended reading:How do I know if I'm having a heart attack?

What do the survival statistics mean?

The NHS monitors pediatric cardiac surgery in the UK by looking at each hospital's 30-day survival rate. The 30-day survival rate is the percentage of children who survive at least 30 days after heart surgery. Ireland also sends your data to the same auditor,National Health and Development Agency.

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Around 3,500 children under the age of 16 undergo heart surgery each year in the UK and Republic of Ireland.

How often the Sts data is updated

Survival After Open Heart Surgery by Age - (1)

Colorado Children's Center and other centers submit data to STS twice a year. STS then examines the data and generates reports that allow us to compare our results with our peers.

We publish the resulting data on this website as soon as possible after the STS data is published, also twice a year.

Also check:Exercise for congestive heart failure

routine coronary artery bypass surgery

  • at the pump
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass CABG is often called conventional bypass surgery.
  • During the procedure, a heart-lung machine takes over the pumping and oxygenation functions of the heart and administers medications that temporarily paralyze the heart.
  • When the surgeon performs bypass surgery in this way, the heart is completely at rest.
  • heart pumping or beating
  • Off-pump CABG or bypass surgery for a beating heart without a heart-lung machine, IsecoThey are not used to stopping the heart.
  • Instead, the heart continues to pump blood and oxygenate the body while the surgeon works.
  • Surgeons stabilize only the part of the heart that needs to be bypassed, while the rest of the heart continues to function normally.
  • Without a pump it is as safe and effective as with a pumpcoronary artery bypass surgeryThe surgery was performed on real individuals according to the Journal of the American Heart Association. Many doctors believe that it can reduce the risk ofattack, bleeding andRenal insufficiency.
  • Pediatric cardiac surgery volume

    Finally, when it comes to congenital heart surgery, volume matters. Children who need heart surgery do better when treated by a medical team with multiple surgeries, research shows. This is because surgeons at centers with large numbers of patients gain more experience and see a broader range of heart defects than surgeons who perform only a few operations a year.

    The hundreds of procedures performed each year indicate that the hospital is a high-volume facility and is likely to have better patient outcomes. This is especially true for patients with complex heart defects.

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    What to expect after heart surgery

    After the heart surgery is complete, you will be transferred to the intensive care unit. You will recover for at least a day in the intensive care unit. You will then be transferred to the general ward for rest and continued care.

    How long you stay in the hospital depends on the surgery you have and how your body responds. Everyone recovers differently. Your hospital team will monitor you closely and make sure you recover. They are also always ready to notice and respond to any problems that arise.

    Older Adults Have High Survival Rates From Heart Surgery

    heart failure survival rate

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    When 80-year-olds in New Orleans were sent home with blocked arteries or leaky heart valves, doctors patted their hands and gave them medication to ease their symptoms. More people are now undergoing open-heart surgery with incredible survival rates comparable to those of younger people, two new studies show.

    "Years ago, doctors were told we were going to operate on a 70-year-old man," said Dr. Vincent J. Bufalino, a cardiologist at Loyola University Chicago. "But today we have older adults who are very energetic, very sharp-minded, and they want to decide for themselves whether to take the risk," said Dr. Bufalino, one of the people who reviewed the studies for the American Heart Association.

    Even people in their 90s get open-heart surgery, said Dr. Harlan M. Krumholz, a Yale University cardiologist who has done other research on older heart patients. Dr. Krumholz said age itself shouldn't automatically rule it out.

    Not all older people can undergo such a demanding procedure, but the results of the new study suggest that doctors have gotten good at spotting who can do it.

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    What are the four types of heart valves?

    The heart consists of four pumping chambers:

    • Two lobbies:upper chamber of the heart
    • Two rooms:lower chambers of the heart

    Between each pumping chamber of the heart are valves that open and close in coordination with each other. Its action keeps blood flowing forward in the heart. The heart has four valves:

    • Tricuspid valve:in betweenright atriumIRight ventricle
    • Pulmonary valve:between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery
    • Aorta Zarystak:in the left ventricle andaorta

    When should I see a doctor?

    • The incision shows signs of infection, such as bleeding or redness.
    • Difficulty speaking or other signs of a stroke.

    It can be hard to know when symptoms are just part of recovery and when they are a sign of complications. When in doubt, pick up the phone and call your care team. It is better to get checked out and find nothing wrong than to ignore a problem that requires medical attention.

    Cleveland Clinic News

    Heart surgery can be a life-changing event for you and your loved ones. Take the time to learn more about your condition and the surgery you need. Talk to your doctor and ask any questions you may have. Keep your support system closed during this journey and don't be afraid to ask for help when you need it. If you don't have family or friends nearby, talk to your provider about available resources and support groups.

    Also read:What are the main causes of heart attacks?

    How to prepare for the Open

    Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbs. Tell them about any illnesses you have, includingherpesPandemic, cold, flu or fever.

    Your doctor may ask you to do this two weeks before surgery.stop smokingand stop drinkinganticoagulantssuch as aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen.

    It is important to discuss alcohol use with your doctor before preparing for surgery. If you normally drink 3 or more drinks a day and stop before surgery, you maystop drinkingThis can lead to life-threatening complications after open-heart surgery, includingepileptic attackor tremors. Your doctor can help you stop drinking alcohol to reduce the chance of these complications.

    You may be asked to wash with a special soap the day before surgery. This soap is used to kill bacteria on the skin and reduce the chance of infection after surgery. You may also be asked not to eat or drink anything after midnight.

    Your doctor will give you more detailed instructions when you arrive at the hospital for the procedure.

    preparation for surgery

    Survival After Open Heart Surgery by Age - (2)

    Preparations for open heart surgery begin the night before. People should eat dinner as usual, but should not eat or drink anything after midnight.

    It's a good idea to wear loose-fitting, comfortable clothing to allow for movement after surgery, but only clothing you feel comfortable in.

    Make sure you have all your personal medical information handy. This may include a list of medications, recent illnesses, and insurance information.

    It is normal to feel anxious before anesthesia, and people should not hesitate to seek reassurance from their medical team.

    Doctors may ask patients to wash their upper bodies with antibacterial soap. A member of the medical team may need to shave the patient's chest prior to anesthesia.

    Doctors may also need to do tests before surgery, such as checking your heart or taking blood samples. A doctor or nurse can put a line into a vein to give fluids.

    After the medical team has completed the initial actions, the anesthesiologist will administer general anesthesia.

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    Survival after open heart surgery

    Cardiac surgery programs typically report overall survival and survival rates based on the complexity of the procedure.

    We measure:

    Percentage of cardiac surgery patients who survive open-heart surgery.

    At Children's Colorado, the overall survival rate for all of our heart surgery patients is 97.2%, no matter how complex the procedure. This is the same as the national average.

    what does that mean:

    Higher survival rates indicate that pediatric cardiac centers are more experienced and better equipped for surgery for congenital heart disease, and fewer patients die during or after the procedure.

    Some cardiac centers accept more complex cases than others, so it is also important to compare survival rates based on complexity and type of defect.

    The life expectancy of older adults after coronary artery bypass surgery has received increasing attention since the existence of the older population.

    That means more and more older people, including those in their 80s, are having coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Life expectancy after CABG is difficult to determine because so many factors are involved, said Dr. Michael Fiocco, director of open heart surgery at Union Memorial Hospital, one of the top 50 cardiac hospitals in the United States.

    This also applies to the elderly population.

    The mortality rate within 30 days after CABG is less than 2%, Dr. Fiocco said, including some seriously ill patients who underwent CABG.

    Other factors remain an important part of the life expectancy equation when older adults undergo coronary artery bypass grafting:

    In other words, CABG and post-op may go well, but older adults are inherently at risk of other serious diseases, such as cancer, Alzheimer's, and death in car accidents, that would otherwise do only moderate harm to much younger people. .

    Therefore, the question of what is the life expectancy of elderly patients after coronary artery bypass surgery does not seem to make much sense.

    Again, this is life expectancy, not immediate survival.

    Life expectancy changes considerably for older patients once they are free of potential postoperative complications.

    But of course there is a limit to the time it takesanyAn 80-year-old person is expected to live a long life.

    For elective coronary artery bypass surgery, the mortality rate drops to less than 1% at 30 days after surgery.

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    Lima is the king of cardiac bypass surgery

    We call it a LIMA graft, and it's the gold standard for bypass grafts, and it's almost always connected to the aorta at the front of the heart, called the LAD. This is by far the most important graft, and in fact, many people can simply live on the blood supply they get from this graft. LIMA grafts have superior biologic properties compared to other grafts, such as vein grafts, and therefore have a high probability of remaining patent.

    Now we can begin to answer the question, how long does heart bypass surgery take?studies showLIMA grafts have approximately a 95-99% chance to open and function 1 month after surgery, a 90-95% chance to open within 1-5 years, and approximately an 80-90% chance to open > 10 yearsThese studies demonstrate that LIMA grafts not only have excellent short-term results but also excellent long-term results. Unfortunately, there is only 1 LIMA graft, but usually patients have a lot of blockages that need to be bypassed, so we have to use a vein or another artery.

    What are statistical categories?

    Shunt Survival Rates

    The STAT categories divide cardiac surgery into categories based on its risk or complexity. A STAT category 1 indicates the procedure with the lowest risk of death, while a STAT category 5 indicates the procedure with the highest risk of mortality. Hospitals with high STAT 5 case survival rates indicate success in managing emergencies during surgery and during recovery.

    We measure:

    STAT 5 Neonatal survival measures the percentage of babies with the most complex heart defectssurviveThey operated on me and discharged me.

    what does that mean:

    At Children's Hospital Colorado, our surgical team specializes in some of the most complex cardiovascular procedures, with particular expertise in surgical repair in the neonatal period. The high STAT 5 survival rate means that the newborns we treat are more likely than the national average to survive surgery, even as we accept more complex patients.

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    What is the survival rate for cardiac surgery?

    Survival rates for heart surgery depend on the type of surgery and how many problems are fixed during the surgery. The survival rate is:

    • Mitral valve repair due to mitral valve prolapse: 100%.
    • Aortic valve replacement: 98.1%.
    • Coronary artery bypass surgery: 97.8%.

    Heart surgery is often riskier for people who are seriously ill or have other medical conditions.

    Survival after cardiac surgery by type of surgery

    The Heart Center team performs more than 850 pediatric heart procedures each year, including open and closed heart surgeries and heart transplants. Open-heart surgery, which represents a large part of our surgical volume, requires extracorporeal circulation and is usually the most complex procedure.

    Pediatric cardiac surgery survival rates reflect the number of patients alive at 30 days after surgery or at hospital discharge, whichever is greater.

    We track the results of common procedures as an indicator of the quality of congenital heart surgery. The following data shows the CHOP results for these procedures.

    Indications for cardiac surgery includeSociety of Thoracic SurgeonsCongenital Heart Surgery Database i uNational Quality ForumStandards in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. The STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database contains data from more than 100 congenital heart surgery centers in North America. NQF is a not-for-profit organization that develops or approves standards to measure the quality of healthcare.

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    What should we do if the bypass is closed?

    So far we have said that while LIMA-LAD grafts are an excellent option with excellent long-term results, vein grafts unfortunately do not perform well and have almost a 2 in 1 chance of failing within a few years of surgery. The good news is that carrying LIMA-LAD is the most important thing. Although veins are most often grafted, if they rupture, the chances of needing another heart surgery are very, very small. If necessary, it can usually be treated with minimally invasive methods, such as the use of a stent.

    The decision to treat a blocked shunt depends on many factors. Often, the blockage can be silent and asymptomatic, in which case no specific treatment is required. Some shunt obstructions present with symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or heart failure, in which case further evaluation may be performed and the best course of treatment determined based on the results of tests such as stress testing and angiography. Eventually, blockage of some of these shunts can lead to a heart attack, in which case the blockage can often be treated with stents and medication.

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    What is the average life expectancy after open heart surgery? ›

    Twenty-year survival by age was 55%, 38%, 22%, and 11% for age <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and >70 years at the time of initial surgery. Survival at 20 years after surgery with and without hypertension was 27% and 41%, respectively. Similarly, 20-year survival was 37% and 29% for men and women.

    What is the survival rate for open heart surgery for a 90 year old? ›

    The answer: Average survival was roughly six years — almost the same as similarly aged people who do not have heart disease. Overall, 90 percent survived their surgery to leave the hospital. This improved dramatically as the study went on, from 85 percent in the early years to 98 percent by its end.

    Can you live a normal life after open heart surgery? ›

    For the first 3 to 6 weeks, you'll probably feel tired a lot of the time. This is because your body is using a lot of energy to heal itself. By 6 weeks, you should be able to do most of your normal activities and by 3 months you're likely to be fully recovered.

    Do you ever fully recover from open heart surgery? ›

    Resuming normal activities after open heart surgery

    Age can play a role, too, as recovery may take longer in adults who are older. Complete recovery takes about three to six months. “At any phase in your recovery, using common sense is the best way to keep yourself from overdoing it,” Dr. Tong says.

    What happens 10 years after open heart surgery? ›

    The study shows that ten-year-survivors have an increased mortality of between 60 and 80 per cent when compared with the general population. This may be due to the fact that the disease is progressive and that the atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries increases, or that the implanted material begins to fail.

    What is the survival rate for open heart surgery at age 65? ›

    Surgical mortality (during the first postoperative month) was higher after 65: 11.1% in patients with valve disease, and 11.4% in those with coronary artery disease, whereas in patients under 65 the figures were 6.5% and 4% respectively.

    What is the success rate of open heart surgery for the elderly? ›

    The operative mortality rate was 12.3%; probability of in-hospital death was 8.2%; risk-adjusted mortality rate was 3.2%. The complication rate was 31.5%. The actuarial 1-, 3-, and 5-year survivals were as follows: 75%, 67%, and 40%.

    What are the odds of surviving open heart surgery at 80 years old? ›

    Reassuringly, octogenarians undergoing heart operations do outlive their peers, with similar age-sex distribution (five-year survival 82.1% vs. 55.9%). Survival at five years for those undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) is 64.8 ± 7.8% and CABG is 79.7 ± 7.4%.

    At what age is open heart surgery not recommended? ›

    While some surgeons weigh age more than others, conventional wisdom has been that patients over 80 don't fare as well as younger candidates when undergoing cardiac bypass surgery.

    What is the best exercise after open heart surgery? ›

    Pace yourself when climbing stairs. Exercising in cold and windy or hot and humid weather puts stress on your heart. If temperatures outside are below 40 degrees or above 75 degrees, then exercise indoors. Riding a stationary bike or walking on a treadmill is an acceptable alternative to walking.

    How often should you see a cardiologist after bypass surgery? ›

    A plan of regular follow-up visits (at least once a year) is advised. Be sure to follow your doctor's guidelines on managing certain risk factors, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity and smoking.

    Is heart failure common after open heart surgery? ›

    However, patients who undergo cardiac surgery often develop heart failure, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in this setting [1,2]. Heart failure is favored by ischemia induced during extracorporeal circulation (EC), where a cardioplegic solution is infused to cause diastolic cardiac arrest.

    How long does it take for the heart to heal after open heart surgery? ›

    Open-heart surgeries usually require a hospital stay of four to five days. Once you're released from the hospital, it usually takes six to eight weeks for your breastbone and chest muscles to heal as you return, gradually, to a normal daily routine.

    What is the fastest way to recover from open heart surgery? ›

    Even though you may feel drained physically and emotionally, it's important to follow guidelines for good self-care:
    1. Get dressed every day.
    2. Walk daily within your limits.
    3. Get plenty of rest.
    4. Resume hobbies and social activities you enjoy.
    5. Visit with others.
    6. Join a support group.
    May 15, 2019

    Does your sternum grow back together after open heart surgery? ›

    Does the sternum fully heal after heart surgery? Full recovery following a sternotomy is possible, but it is a long process. After surgery, the surgeon will use strong wire to hold the cut bones together, allowing new cells to grow. Over the course of months, the bones fuse back together.

    What are the long term side effects of open heart surgery? ›

    Possible complications of coronary artery bypass surgery include:
    • Bleeding.
    • Death.
    • Heart attack due to a blood clot after surgery.
    • Infection at the site of the chest wound.
    • Long-term need for a breathing machine.
    • Irregular heart rhythms, called arrhythmias.
    • Kidney problems.
    Dec 3, 2022

    How does open heart surgery affect the brain? ›

    The inflammation in the brain caused by heart surgery can cause a temporary decline in the brain functionality of the patients. Additionally, using a lung or heart machine to circulate blood during heart surgery can create small air bubbles, resulting in short-term brain damage.

    What is the longest surviving heart bypass patient? ›

    The longest surviving quintuple heart bypass patient is Brian Thomson (New Zealand, b. 6 March 1946) who underwent surgery at Wellington Hospital in Wellington, New Zealand, on 24 April 1980, and as of 11 March 2022 has survived 42 years and 100 days.

    What surgery has the lowest survival rate? ›

    Seven Deadliest Surgeries
    • Removal of part of the colon (partial colectomy)
    • Gallbladder removal (cholecystectomy)
    • Appendix removal (appendectomy)
    • Peritoneal adhesion removal.
    • Small-bowel resection.
    • Peptic ulcer surgeries.
    • Abdominal incisions (laparotomy)

    What is the riskiest part of open heart surgery? ›

    Cardiac Tamponade

    This is a serious medical condition and among the biggest open heart surgery risks of death. Cardiac Tamponade occurs when blood fills that space the heart and the sac surrounding it.

    What not to eat after heart bypass surgery? ›

    Examples of foods you should try to avoid include:
    • meat pies.
    • sausages and fatty cuts of meat.
    • butter, lard and ghee (a type of butter often used in Indian cooking)
    • cream.
    • cakes and biscuits.

    What is the most common open heart surgery? ›

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

    In CABG — the most common type of heart surgery — the surgeon takes a healthy artery or vein from elsewhere in your body and connects it to supply blood past the blocked coronary artery.

    Who is not a good candidate for open heart surgery? ›

    Patients who are at high-risk for surgical complications. Patients with severe coronary artery disease, chronic total occlusion or advanced heart failure. Patients with diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, complex lesions, history of angina, or prior surgeries.

    What is the riskiest surgery? ›

    Most dangerous emergency surgeries

    Gallbladder removal. Peptic ulcer surgery to repair ulcers in the stomach or first part of small intestine. Removal of peritoneal (abdominal) adhesions (scar tissue). Appendectomy.

    How risky is open-heart surgery for elderly? ›

    The three most common complications following open-heart surgery include a prolonged ventilation time in the ICU, reoperation for bleeding, or suffering from pneumonia.

    Is open-heart surgery very risky? ›

    Death is also a risk of heart surgery. However, heart surgery is more likely to be life-threatening in people who are very sick before the surgery. In general, the risk of complications is higher if heart surgery is done in an emergency situation (for example, during a heart attack).

    What is the mortality rate for bypass surgery by age? ›

    Mortality rates were relatively low for patients 40-49, 50-59, and 60-64, 65-69, and 70-74 years old (1.10%, 1.65%, 2.17%, 2.76%, and 3.36%, respectively). However, CABG surgery mortality increased rapidly for patients 75 to 79 years old (5.28%) and patients > or = 80 years old (8.31%).

    Does open-heart surgery affect lifespan? ›

    Those who successfully undergo a heart bypass and make it through the first month of recovery have a survival rate similar to the general population. And they're doing it with much-improved heart function!

    Is open-heart surgery a big deal? ›

    Open heart surgery is a major operation that requires a hospital stay of a week or more. An individual will often spend time in the intensive care unit immediately after surgery.

    How can I strengthen my lungs after open heart surgery? ›

    Inhale deeply through the nose, hold for three seconds then exhale through pursed lips. Repeat ten times. Coughing is also a breathing exercise that helps get rid of mucus from the lungs. Carefully pressing a towel over the incised chest, breathe deeply ten times, and then cough twice.

    How long does it take for chest muscles to heal after open heart surgery? ›

    The incision in your chest and the area where the healthy blood vessel was taken may be sore or swollen. You will probably be able to do many of your usual activities after 4 to 6 weeks. But for at least 6 weeks, you'll avoid lifting heavy objects and doing activities that strain your chest or upper arm muscles.

    How much should you walk after open heart surgery? ›

    During the first two weeks: Walk short distances at a slow to moderate pace. Walk three times a day for five minutes at a time. Walk indoors or outdoors (weather permitting) in a flat area.

    Does open heart surgery affect lifespan? ›

    Those who successfully undergo a heart bypass and make it through the first month of recovery have a survival rate similar to the general population. And they're doing it with much-improved heart function!

    What is the most serious open heart surgery? ›

    Cardiac Center

    Open heart procedures, which represent a major portion of our volume, require cardiopulmonary bypass (heart-lung bypass machine) and are usually the most complicated and complex procedures.

    Who is the longest surviving open heart surgery patient? ›

    The longest surviving open heart surgery patient (male) is James Ward (USA, b. 20 September 1940) who has lived 70 years and 255 days since his heart surgery on 19 February 1952, in Rancho Santa Margarita, California, USA, as verified on 1 November 2022.


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